There are many different routes to impact. This section describes the different ways that debt and equity impact investments can be made in private and public markets and provides a snapshot of the breakdown of impact investments across asset classes. The module also offers foundational information on outcomes-linked instruments and on the growing market for social bonds.

How to use these resources

The links and content in this section summarise the way that impact investments are allocated across different asset classes and how that has developed over time, before going into more detail about the application of impact through venture capital and private equity. The later material looks at the relative contribution that can be made through private and public markets. The module also explains the role and potential of outcome-linked products and blended finance. 

Glossary of terms

We have put together a glossary of terms for impact investing

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Debt, equity and hybrid models 

Blended finance 

Investing in public and private markets in terms of risk and impact intensity